• Since I saw so few of you lately, let me simply remind you about your forthcoming exams that this is your programme and study field for the exam to be found also on the ECGA page.

    Students should be able to express themselves in a relatively autonomous manner on familiar topics and in daily life communication situations.

    Our English manual is  Speakout Pre-Intermediate par Frances Eales & Steven Oakes chez Pearson Longman. It includes a Student’s book and Workbook (Units 1 to 5 +6.3 and  8 to 9).



    Revision of the Cycle d’orientation programme

    modal auxiliaries (can, must, would, will,should, could, have to)

    tenses : present tenses, future tenses, past simple, past continuous and present perfect

    construction with the infinitive

    comparatives and superlatives

    quantities : much, many, a few, a little, a lot,  countables and uncountables.

    prepositions of place, time and manner

    articles (a, an, the)

    demonstrative pronouns

    linking words (and, or, but, then, after, because, so, if, however)



    Check the vocabulary distributed and related to daily life topics in your manual.



    Daily life, personal information

    Feelings and emotions

    Employment-related vocabulary

    Places, building, furniture




    Travels and Holidays

    Leisure and hobbies

    Oral comprehension

            Understanding a conversation related to daily life  (shopping, time, family, usual activities, occupation)

            Understanding instructions or information given by a counterpart  (instructins, warning, itineraries, prices, schedules etc….)


    Written Comprehension

            Understand the general meaning of a text written with basic vocabulary (Short topical texts, biographies, stories, news items, book summaries )

            Understanding most of the information in a non simplified document (personal letter, flyer, user instruction, menu, recipe, city map, train schedule, urban signposting )

          The first year programme includes a reading  (simplified, stage 4 at least).


    Expression orale


    En situation de monologue, l’étudiant doit être capable de :


            se présenter et se décrire (origine, âge, langue, profession, intérêts, passe-temps)

            parler de son entourage ou environnement (famille, amis, travail, logement)

            parler d’une expérience personnelle (film, lecture, vacances, accident)

            faire un récit linéaire court (résumé d’une lecture, d’un scénario)

            parler d’événements futurs (plans, intentions)

            faire un récit linéaire (résumé d’une lecture, d’un scénario, exposé)

            décrire un lieu

            décrire un processus simple, un objet


    En situation de dialogue, l’étudiant doit être capable de :

            demander des explications, des renseignements ou de l’aide, voire des conseils à un interlocuteur

            exprimer son accord ou son désaccord, contredire un interlocuteur, se plaindre

            exprimer des préférences, des besoins, des désirs

            indiquer quand il comprend et quand il ne comprend pas

            mener une conversation simple sur les thèmes abordés en classe (acheter quelque chose, commander un repas, parler de sa santé, etc.)


    Expression écrite

            être capable de rédiger un texte court dans un vocabulaire de base (note, lettre personnelle, itinéraire, biographie, résumé, recette)

            être capable de décrire une situation de la vie courante (photographie ou scène de film, scène de rue)

            décrire son entourage ou environnement (famille, amis, travail, logement)

            raconter ou résumer une histoire (compositions, lettres personnelles, comptes rendus de lecture)



    Examen écrit


    Durée de l’examen écrit : 120 minutes

    Forme de l‘examen écrit :


    un exercice de compréhension écrite

    un exercice de compréhension orale (listening)

    des exercices de vocabulaire

    des exercices de grammaire

    une ou plusieurs rédactions (150 mots)


    Examen oral


    Durée de l’examen oral : 15 minutes (10 minutes de préparation)


    L’examen oral porte sur les thèmes et les situations de la vie quotidienne étudiés pendant l’année.

    Forme de l’examen oral : un monologue (présentation personnelle et question générale sur la lecture) et deux dialogues (Thèmes pour les dialogues de l’examen oral : shopping for clothes / shopping for food / going out / planing a holiday / telling about a holiday/ at the doctor).



    Homework  for Tuesday, February 3d, 2015 ON A SHEET OF PAPER TO BE CORRECTED BY THE TEACHER

  • LANGUAGE BANK P. 136 (DIRECTIONS)LOOKBACK P. 56.write an application for the award following the example p. 55 Ex- 7A


  • Tuesday, 20th January”To leave” to ” to sit”



  • What do you usually use ?The tickets are becoming cheaper than beforeyou are in a rush, in a hurryI need to sit for the driving test.Before, I used to take this kind of coach everyday…

    ferry is a boat which you can take with your car and that links two coast sides.

    Rainy season

    to play hide and seek.

    écrire Write Wrote written
    Penser think Thought thought
    Jeter Throw Threw thrown
    Dormir Sleep slept slept
    Sentir Smell smelt smelt
    Parler speak Spoke spoken
    Se tenir debout Stand Stood stood
    Nager swim Swam swum
    Prendre Take took taken
    Enseigner Teach taught taught
    Se réveiller Wake woke Woken
    déchirer tear Tore torn
    comprendre understand understood understood
    Porter des habits wear Wore worn
    Voler (chiper) Steal stole Stolen.
  • King Lear Simplified   Act III scene 3 Extremely short scene which takes place in Gloucester’s castle and in which Edmund hands a letter to Cornwall incriminating his father as a spy. He hypocritically pretends to be devastated. Cornwall falls into the trap and admits that “rightly or wrongly” (meaning he isn’t overjoyed at the prospect) it is now clear that Edmund will be the next Earl of Gloucester. He orders Edmund to find his father and Edmund agrees, pretending to be reluctant about it. This convinces Cornwall that the young man is a gentleman and he offers his fatherly love to replace that of the “traitor”. Act III scene 4 Another extremely sort scene Lear is in a very simple farmhouse with Edgar (disguised as Poor Tom) when Gloucester arrives and warns them that there are plans to kill Lear and that they have to run away. Act III scene 5 WHO Cornwall, Regan, Goneril, Edmund and four servants WHERE In Gloucester’s castle WHEN Right after Edmund handed his father’s letter to Cornwall WHAT Upon discovering the “betrayal” of Gloucester thanks to Oswald, both sisters are insane with rage and order Cornwall to kill (Regan) or blind (Goneril) the old man. They capture him  and despite Gloucester’s surprise to see his guests behave so ungratefully towards him, they tie him. One of the servants wants to protect his master and dies stabbed in the back by Goneril although he has managed to hurt Cornwall. Then they blind Gloucester and through him out of his own castle, suggesting him to “smell his way to Dover” in France. WHY The ungrateful daughters want to make sure that all Lear’s allies vanish or become powerless. They display their cruelty and meanness. HOW They stab a servant in the back, order to blind a man who cannot defend himself and try to capture Lear who has given them all his possessions. By becoming blind, Gloucester suddenly becomes lucid again and realizes too late that his good son was Edgar and that he had been manipulated by Edmund as Regan reveals him the true nature of his illegitimate son. The act ends with Cornwall’s premonition that his injury is a bad omen
  • Act IV +activities till 22 Act IV scene 1 Edgar, an old former servant of Gloucester,  Gloucester Edgar explains that he has hit the lowest in his life so he can now hope that things get better.  Suddenly, he realizes that the old man with eyes full of blood is his father. He observes the dialogue between Gloucester and the old man and suggest to accompany the desperate Gloucester to France. The old man thinks it’s not a good idea since his poor and mad but Gloucester explains that “in time like these, mad people must help people who can’t see” (29:26-27)   Act IV scene 2 Goneril, Oswald, Edmund, Albany In Goneril’s house, Goneril gets the news from Oswald and hears that her husband is behaving very oddly. She is very tender towards Edmund and we understand that the pair is in love with each other. Next, when she meets her husband, Albany blames her for her meanness and explains that it’s only because she’s a woman that he doesn’t kill her as “a villainous heart in a woman is uglier than a villaoinous heart in a devil”. A messenger then arrives and announces Cornwall’s death and Gloucester’s cecity. Act IV scene 3   This short scene takes place near Dover. Cordelia and a doctor discuss her father’s madness and a possible cure. She then is told that the English are attacking and speaks to her absent father, explaining that she hasn’t come to conquer England but merely to rescue him. Act IV scene 4 At Gloucester’s castle, Regan tries to get her sister Goneril’s letter to Edmund but Oswald doesn’t let her get it. Regan tells Oswald that she’s aware that her sister is attracted to Edmund but as she, Regan, is a widow now, she wants to marry Edmund. She explains her plans to Oswald and asks him to tell her sister about her plans. Act IV scene 5 In this long scene which takes place in an open field, Edgar tries to make his father believe they are climbing a cliff and he forgets to alter his voice as Poor Tom. As Gloucester gets suspicious, he lets him believe he’s abandoning him by the edge of a cliff then pretends he’s another stranger who has witnessed Gloucester’s fall, wondering by what miracle . Gloucester mentions his son Edgar but Edgar still pretends not to understand. Lear arrives and behaves like a madman, dressed in flowers, which saddens Edgar. Lear recognizes him and seem to recover his senses. Suddenly Oswald appears and wants to kill Lear, but Edgar kills him instead and Oswald gives him the letter from Goneril to Edmund in which she asks him to kill her husband and marry her. Edgar admits that “Women are a complete mystery” (38:19-21)   Act IV scene 6 In Cordelia’s tent near Dover, the sweet and loyal daughter welcomes her father who at first doesn’t recognize her, then tells her that he would understand if she wanted to kill him after all the evil he has done to her. But Cordelia tells him she doesn’t have such feelings towards him. The doctor who has cured Lear tells her to be cautious and that Lear shouldn’t dwell on his past as it would make him mad again.
    1. In Switzerland, you can’t tag the walls in the street/ the whole country.
    2. I have to work with children every day at 6 a.m. next week.
    3. I musn’t use my mobile phone nor eat during an exam. (neither…nor)
    4. You don’t have to do your homework at the week-end.
    5. When I learn a language, I must study the vocabulary by heart.
    6. When you’re driving, you can’t make a phone call
    7. I have to wake up every day.
    8. When you’re a child, you don’t have to buy your clothes.
    9. When you’re a child, you don’t have to wear make-up.
    10. When you’re a child, you don’t have to pay bills.

    To tell someone something…

    To say something to someone.

    In the previous passage, we saw that Edmund had forged a letter incriminating his brother.

    Persona non grata

Thursday, December 18th,  p. 41 exercises 5A and 7 A were corrected and we did half of unit 4.3 including the language bank exercises.

Read more about King Lear by following this link-

Tuesday, December 16th ,

We corrected Exercises p. 134 4.1 A and B, exercise 3B p. 38 and 8A p. 39 and studied unit 4.2.

Examples of sentences:


PP I’ve never walked on a beach

PS yesterday, I made a friend

PP I’ve never jumped from a plane

PP I’ve always helped my parents.

PS When I was a child, I sucked my thumb.

To be good at a subject at school

S : when I was at school, I was good at history, literature, science.

when I was at school, I was good at maths, languages and arts.

when I was at school, I was good at maths, history and arts.

To be interested in a topic now

Now I’m interested in science, literature and arts.

Now I’m interested in IT, languages and arts

Now I’m interested in maths, history and arts.

At school, I studied art but I didn’t study online. I liked…I disliked art very much.












drawing caricatures


says sentences backwards

she visualizes

he practices all the time.

Stage directions (didascalies)

scene 3 : On p. 19 the two daughters start bargaining down their father’s suite.

On Tuesday, December 9th, we corrected partly the blank test due for December 4th as well as the LOOKBACK p. 36 entirely. We practiced a bit of conversation about what we usually like doing over the week-end and what we are going to do this week-end. Then we made a small test on irregular verbs.

On Thursday December 4th, we made a listening, corrected Act.1, scene 4 and discussed Act 2 scene 1.

ACT 1, Scene 4


Before : in the previous scenes, we have witnessed the unfair share of the kingdom by King Lear, the plot by Edmund against Edgar and in the previous scene, how Goneril gives strict orders to Oswald to behave coldly and unhelpfully towards her father.


At Goneril’s: ‘My house’10:14. She specifies that it’s the ‘home of a princess’ not a ‘village bar’


Lear‘Does anyone here know who I am?’ (10: 24) I thought my name was Lear’(10:25). ‘You were a wise man, but your head has become filled with strange ideas (10: 21-22). He’s on the verge of losing his mind and is a little reassured by Albany’s attitude towards him.

Oswald: he behaves as requested by his mistress.

The Knight: obedient and horrified by Goneril’s servants’ attitude.

Goneril: (10:20, ‘Are you my daughter?’ and also ‘I thought I had daughters! …(10:25), ‘someone as unimportant as you’(13: 6)

Albany: He seems to have retained his calm and sanity and even apologizes (12:20)


Lear has changed, according to Goneril…and people’s attitudes have changed towards Lear according to Lear himself who is bewildered and his staff.

Introduction of the idea that Lear isn’t in the reality, that he’s ‘dreaming’ (10:26) or that he was dreaming before!

Goneril therefore asks her father to send away his knights (10_31) and even shouts at him (12:4)

In response, his father decides to go to his other daughter ‘I still have one daughter’ (12:3).

We are finally reaching the core of the hatred and the real Goneril acting with less hypocrisy towards her father and driving him literally mad.

Lear still would like to blame his son-in-law: Is this all your idea?’.

Albany tries to calm the King who realizes that it is his own daughter who is hateful and dishonest and that she ‘destroyed my love for Cordelia…”(12:12).  He tries to calm his wife p. 13 ‘perhaps you worry too much (l.15) and is ‘sad’ and worried about the future (13: 25)

Lear finally opens his eyes to the truth ‘Oh, what have I done’and ‘madness’ (12:14) and these eyes are filled with tears at the end of the scene. He hopes that he’ll become ‘clear-headed’ again when he goes to Regan’s

Goneril announces the next step which is to fight her father and have her sister as an ally and she sends her messenger to this end.

Why: The kind is out of his mind because of his daughter’s attitude and Goneril is planning to go ahead with her plans which is to drive her father totally mad, something which is obviously starting to happen in this scene.


Attitudes and Behaviour: We can see how the knights behave with respect towards Lear (bows, obeys immediately p. 9), unlike Oswald who pretends he didn’t hear (p. 9 l. 23) Lear. The knight even observes how ‘unforgivably rude’ this whole attitude is towards their King if only nominally so now.Goneril even reproaches her father with his ‘strange behaviour’ (10:26). The terms behave or behaviour  is recurrent in this scene (10: 10, 17, 26, 29, 12: 10)

Lear on the other hand gets impatient, summons Osward very brutally (You, 9:23, stupid man), ‘angrily’(9:26, 10:32), even ‘shouting’(10:32). He’s ‘confused’, ‘looking around wildly’ (p. 11 and again p. 13)

Goneril also looks ‘angry’ and Lear asks her why (10:13) and she justifies her anger by blaming the knights and even her father who gives them ‘permission’ to act that way.

Calmly: When Albany comes, there’s a sudden decrease in the shouting but Goneril tells him to stop worrying about Lear’s anger as ‘Old people often say wild things for no reason’ (12: 31-32)

This scene is a turning point in the play as the real characters are now revealed and it’s a kind of climax concluding this act.

ACT 2, scene 1

WHERE: in a room in Gloucester’s castle.

WHEN: it’s late in the evening.


Edmund: he’s excited and tricks his brother into believing in his tale about their father.

Edgar: is confused and acts as he’s told by his brother.

Gloucester: is both trapped by his son Edmund and Regan.

Regan: points at King Lear’s knights to explain Edgar’s supposed treason.

Cornwall:  he’s surprised about what he’s heard.


Edmund, like Goneril in the previous scene, is developing his plan after the success of its first part  (Act 1, scene 2)


Obviously, the illegitimate son is planning to get rid of his legitimate brother and Gloucester falls into the trap quite easily, to the point that he’s determined to kill his own son.

HOW: Edmond acts very skillfully by both appearing as an ally to his brother and his father’s ally.  Regan also takes advantage of this situation to try to turn her father’s best friend, Gloucester, against him.

Tuesday, 2nd December

We did UNIT 3.3 and half of 3.4

I Me My mine
You You Your yours
He Him His His
She Her Her hers
It It Its its
We Us Our Ours
They Them Their Theirs

One is asking for help (c)

A is having a business conversation

B is answering a call and she’s taking some notes, maybe she’s writing a message

D is probably chatting with her relatives or her family.

Me either/neither

5th June// June 5th


November 25th, 2014

We finished Unit 3.2 (including the grammar), discussed art and spoke almost exclusively in English, well done students!

We won’t see each other on Thursday but I gave you two assignments for Thursday December 4th and will anyhow see you on Tuesday December 2nd.


Last but not least

the one I like the least/best

what about you ?

I’m not patient enough to visit museums or attend


Still life


Did you see anyone when you went out ?

No, I didn’t see anyone.

No one was there.

There was no one.

No one ever told me I was beautiful.

Who told you that you were late ?Anyone/Anybody could tell you this !

  1. Where does Bjork come from ?
  2. Which music became popular in Brazil ? What type-kind of music became popular… ?
  3. Which Shakespeare’s play is the longest ?What is Shakespeare’s longest play?
  4. Who continued composing music…. ? Which artist continued…. ?
  5. Who invented afrobeat ? Which musician invented afrobeat ?
  6. How many self-portraits did FK paint ?
  7. What is Fernando Botero’s art famous for ?
  8. Why are AG’s sculptures famous?

Auxiliary Subject Verb/ Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb= QUESTION…EXCEPT WITH WHO AND WHICH

EX. 3.2 P. 133


TUESDAY, NOV 18TH, EXERCISES 7A-B AND C P. 29 and finish the exercises P. 49 in King Lear.

The present continuous is used for arrangements involving other people and a fixed time and place.

We use to be going to for plans that don’t involve other people.

One of my favourite artists is Van Gogh. I like him because he reminds me of somebody
(painted a region )I love. The best thing he did was called the Sunflowers. I first saw this painting at the Orangerie Museum in Paris. I like it because the colours cheer me up.


Big Bang/Fantastic Baby

Linkin’ Park/Waiting for the End

The Weeknd/The Zone Feat.

They are all very different from the other artists.

King Lear :

Illegitimate son

5 a- France

b- Regan

c- Cordelia

d- Edmund

e- Gloucester

f- Edgar

g- Oswald

h- Goneril.

6- a- 3, b- 3, c- 3, d- 1

7- abc- personal answers

Thursday, Nov. 14th: GOING TO LESSON.

  1. I’m going to play football on Saturday
    On Saturday, I’m playing football with my friends.
  2. We are going to stay home and we are watching TV
  3. Next week-end they are going to the cinema.
  4. We are having a meeting next week.

I’m not going to do anything

I’m going to pick you up at the airport



Goneril is alone with her servant and tells him that she doesn’t want to
talk with her father because he’s behaving like a child. He’s getting angry

about the slightest things.

She also says that if the King isn’t satisfied, he can go to her sister’s.

At the end, she wants her servant to behave unhelpfully towards her father.

Why : Goneril said already in Scene 1, in her dialogue with her sister,
that they would teach their father how to behave. She’s simply using a pretext

to start an argument with her father.

How : By behaving rudely towards her father, she wants him to be disgusted

and go to her sister.

There are a lot of negative terms :

I’ve had enough
he gets angry

I’m sick.

Act coldly


these negative terms convey the impression of hostility on behalf of Goneril.

Comp.superlatives :

Small, V is smaller than me, S is the smallest in the class.


  1. Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet

All of these plays are sad but Shakespeare also wrote some comedies
(The merry widows of Windsor, As you like it or Midsummer Night’s Dream)

Romeo and Juliet is a sad love story between two children of families which hate each other. Macbeth is the story of a man who becomes a king by murdering his King and becomes totally mad and Hamlet is the story of a Prince of Denmark who wants to revenge his father’s death.

  1. People : bastard, Devil, duke, earl, God, knights, servants, villain.
    Parts of a play : act, scene.
    Things that can kill : devil, knight, poison, sword
    In some countries, there are some castles.
    In Europe there are several kingdoms.
    King Lear is very angry against Kent.
  2. a- Thoughtful, b-amusing, c- in SW England about the 12th century, d-Shakespeare wrote 30 plays before King Lear, e- Because George the 3d was also mad
  3. Jealousy….

On Tuesday, November 18th, I will bring two tests to compensate my two missing sessions of Thursday 20th and 27th.
(1) blank test on units 1 and 2 +irregular verbs+King Lear act 1, scenes 1 to 3 ;
(2) a commentary on 20 lines of kl) to be given to me on December 4th.

Homework for thursday, November 13th:

Grammar 4 and practice 5A p. 29

Tuesday November 11th session:

  1. Do you like going to the opera ?
    I absolutely love it.
  2. Do you like working at the week-end ?
    I can’t stand it.
  3. Do you like doing the house chores ?
    I don’t like it very much.
  4. Do you like cooking ? Do you mind if I smoke ?
    I don’t mind it.
  5. Do you like swimming in cold water ?
    I’m not very keen on it.
  6. Do you like traveling ?…football ?I like it.

Mind your own business.
Do you mind if I take this seat ?


I’m tired, I think I need a holiday….
So am I, shall we go to Spain this summer.

I will go to Poland if I have enough money.


The present continuous has the value of a definite future.

It can be used with :

  1. going to : Tomorrow, I’m going to visit a museum ;
  2. present continuous : Tonight I’m having dinner with my partner.

How often do you have a free meal ? Very often at my relatives.

Do you usually go to a club ? Yes, I do, I party every week.

Do you like hanging out with your friends ? Not very much, once in a while.

Do you always eat at lunchtime ? I always eat at lunchtime.

Do you sometimes see an exhibition at the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire ? No, I never visit that museum.



To be To do To have To make
Present simples third person sg I AMYOU AREHE-SHE-IT ISWE ARETHEY ARE I, you, we, they dohe-she-it does I, you, we, they havehe-she-it has I, you, we, they makehe-she-it makes
Present continuous I am being antisocialyou, we, they are being naughtyhe-she-it is being I am doingyou, we, they are doinghe-she-it is doing I am havingyou, we, they are havinghe-she-it is having I am makingyou, we, they are makinghe-she-it is making
Past simpleof irregular verbs I wasyou werehe-she-it waswe werethey were I didyou didhe-she-it didwe didthey did I hadyou hadhe-she-it hadwe hadthey had I madeyou madehe-she-it madewe madethey
Past simple of regular verbs -ed after the regular verb Walked (t) Needed (id) amused
Homework :Tuesday, Nov. 11, 2014ex. 2a, 3a and 4a-b, p. 26Thursday nov. 13thShakespeare questions p. 48








Please give a title to the passage you describe (ex. Act.1 sc. 1 « a gullible father », act. 1 scene 2 « the mischievious letter »)

ACT 1, SCENE 2, « the mischievious letter »

WHO : Edmund, Gloucester, Edgar

WHAT : Edmund was reading a letter and is smiling at the bad trick he’s about to play. He describes how badly he is treated by society because he’s the illegitimate son of the Earl Gloucester.

Then his father arrived and asked him what was this letter which he is hiding behind his back (pretending to hide).

His father asks him to read the letter and discovers that his other son is supposed to have written a nasty letter plotting for his death.

After this Edgar arrives and Edmund pretends to be protecting his brother.

WHERE : in a room in the Earl of Gloucester’s castle.

WHEN : Right after King Lear has divided his kingdom between his two daughters and expelled the third.

WHY : Edmund is jealous of his legitimate brother and is planning to show the world that he is the most powerful. He wants to get rid of his brother.

Why does Gloucester so easily believe Edmund ? One plausible answer is that he likes Edmund a lot but the other reason is that he is fooled with the letter and reacts like King Lear.

HOW : Edmund in fact is the author of the letter. He forged his brother’s signature. He pretends to be a good brother and a good son.


bad things are happening because, not long ago, the moon moved between the earth and the sun. Since then, the King has become his daughter’s enemy, and now a son has become his father’s

To behave




To divide


Edgar’s arrival is perfectly-timed, like an entrance in a badly written play. I must act a different part, and seem sad and thoughtful.

to expell

to fool

to forge

to get rid

gone away

to hold out





Less important

My job will be easy. The law won’t give me what belongs to me. So I will use my intelligence.




I’m only trying to protect you.



to plot

to pretend

to seem





to wave


HOMEWORK FOR Tuesday, November 4th

Ex. 7 A p. 21 (written)


Read King Lear’s introduction and Act 1, scene 1. Refer to the text below (blog) to get the

info and to Shakespeare in the main menu.

King Lear


A gullible father


King Lear: a old King wanting to retire

the dukes of Cornwall and Albany, his sons in law, respectively married to Lear’s daughters Regan and Goneril.

The Earl of Gloucester, Lear’s friend

The servants.


The King has decided to retire and share his kingdom between his three daughters. He’s ready to give the one

who loves him most the largest part of his kingdom. His two eldest daughters don’t hesitate to proclaim that

they love him beyond their most precious belongings or beloved, but Cordelia, his youngest and favorite daughter,

refuses to say anything so exaggerate and simply states she loves him.

King Lear had intended his daughter Cordelia to marry the King of France but he is so bitter and disappointed with

her that not only does he dispossesses her but also advises the King of France to find a better wife.

The French king, realizing that Cordelia is honest and disinterested, decides to marry her nevertheless.


The scene takes place in Lear’s palace, in a room with a large table in the middle.


The king is aging and needs his daughters to let him know how much they love him as he is about to give them

all he has on the condition they look after her, but Cordelia, realizing how hypocrite her sisters are, refuses to

display her true affection towards her daughter.

The King of France understands Cordelia’s reaction and in turn reacts in a very fair manner.


In mythical England….



to behave like this


a crown

dishonest tongue


to enjoy


to follow someone

to be followed by someone

to grow older

to hide

a map

to pity

pointing at something


standing around something






which of you loves me the most

note: the superlatives largest, greatest, oldest,


Unit 2.1 in the workbook.

Unit 2.2. p. 131 in the students’ book.

  1. In general, adverbs (ad verbum) are placed between the noun or pronoun and the verb :

I always have breakfast at 7:00 am.

She never says goodbye.

  1. Exceptions :

With the verb to be the adverb follows the verb. Idem for modals (can, must, might, may) and auxiliaries.

ex. I’m always on time.

Adverbs of frequency can also be placed either at the beginning, the middle or the end of the sentence.


  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Hamlet
  • King Lear
  • ….nothing


the plot deals with….

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

IT stands for Information Technology

this text, scene deals with a King in England

I agree, I disagree

encouraging, discouraging


er than, more….than

Peter is nicer than Paul, but Paul is more intelligent than Peter

He works better : his work is good (better, best)

it depends because each job is different.

As long as they make a living, what people really care for is a job they enjoy.

I tend to agree with this sentence although good working conditions are more important, according to me.

Stake : goal.

I’m half-hearted on the question of teamwork because on one hand it’s fun to work with some

friendly people and share the work but on the other hand it’s harder to concentrate and you can

be more efficient on your own.

For the sake of saying a bigger sentence.

Every person has an idea for a sentence but in the end everyone agrees on the main objectives.

Sometimes the problem is easy to solve on your own or on forums but sometimes it’s better

to get professional help.

The job is motorboy.

It’s a dangerous job because there are lots of accidents because the couriers drive crazily and

often get robbed

The country is Brazil.

The people interviewed are Luis Carols and some car drivers.

Luis’s worst memory was when he was robbed and lost everything and he didn’t even have

any insurance. Furthermore, the company which hired him didn’t give him any support.

The job is mountain rescuers.

The country is Austria.

Their job is very dangerous because accidents can happen in dangerous places and in very

bad weather conditions.

The people interviewed are a doctor, a paramedic and the helicopter pilot.

They rescued some people in an avalanche and they saved everyone, but unsually, they thanked

them six months later.

The job is Jockey.

The country is France. It’s a dangerous job because there are accidents with the horses and jockeys

often break their bones.

The person interviewed is a jockey and his worst story was in an accident where he lost conciousness.


Thursday, October 16th

We’ve just finished unit one, so you should have finished it too in your workbook and checked the keys. If you have a problem understanding your mistakes, we’ll take a moment to discuss them at the beginning of the class. We will also discuss the schedule of sessions regarding King Lear and I’ll bring copies of the issues for those who couldn’t get a copy (10 unless someone who wasn’t present reads these lines and contacts me…)

During the class, we finished unit 2.1 and distributed the schedule of the sessions regarding KING LEAR which we will study from October 30th onwards.

We also discussed the most important things for you in a job.

Tuesday, October 14th, 2014


  • exercise 7A and B
  • exercises 1.3 A and B p. 129

I’ll probably see you later




I trust you.


a kid / a child

must= have to

kind=nice and sweet friend.

A kind : a type

a guy, a fellow,…

to work indoors/outdoors

the people here are working in open space office.

They are wearing casual clothes

(not formal clothes!)

they are chatting and working on computers.

It could be an insurance company or a pressroom, marketing company, a

communication agency, maintenance agency (trouble-shooting)….

the present continuous is made out of :

  1. the verb to be at the present tense
    1. I am, you are, he-she-it is, we are, they are
    2. the verb at the -ing form

Would you like to work for this company ? Yes, I would. No, I wouldn’t

No, I wouldn’t like to work for such a company because

I hate working in an office !

Yes, I would like to work for such a company because
I love working in a team.


Thursday, October 9th, 2014

  • The physical description file I gave you last week.
  • the five questions to ask your fellow-students which we prepared on Tuesday.

where did you study before ? I studied at ECG before.

do you have any hobbies ? Yes, I practice racing and biking.

What would you like to do in the future ?

I’d like to be a French teacher in Korea.

Have you been there already ? Present perfect related to experience.

Do you enjoy your time right now ? Yes, I’m enjoying my time learning English//chatting with my fellow-students.

What did you do today ? Today, I didn’t do anything special but I did my homework.

What kind of music do you listen to ? I listen to various types of music but at the moment, I listen often to rock/pop music.

Verbs with prepositions :

To listen to

to write down

to look at….

What do you like to do at the week-end ?

I like to go out with my friends to have a drink.

How long have you been on earth ? I’ve been on earth 24 years.

Where do you go dancing ? I go dancing in bars or at parties.


  1. Moustache
  2. curly, wavy
  3. slim, slender
  4. bald
  5. mean
  6. medium-height
  7. blonde
  8. smile, chin, beard
  9. smart, clever
  10. hard-working
  11. overweight
  12. funny
  13. dark, heavy
  14. quiet
  15. nice, extrovert
  16. gloves
  17. a jumper
  18. hat, cap
  19. socks, shoes, boots
  20. trousers, pants, shorts, jeans,
  21. scarf, necklace, tie, bow tie
  22. tights, stockings
  23. ring, earrings, bracelets.
  24. Trainers, tracksuit, shorts, sneakers, t-shirt…
  25. coat, socks, jacket, jumper, scarf, pull-over.


Homework for Tuesday, October 7th, 2014

Write 60 words cf. Exercise 10C p. 11 in the Students’ book.

Notes from the class on Tuesday:

When did you meet someone new ?

I met last week a new person.

Where did you meet him ?

I met him in a disco.

I met him at Fust’s.

Can you describe him ? What/how did he look like ?

We talked about everything.(to talk), cars

I told him about my family….(to tell)


We couldn’t care less !

Knee surgery.

Advertisement (An ad)


LiU Language in use

I ideas

Fl : fluency

V&G vocabulary/grammar.


I’m good at drawing, at playing guitar

man/woman of the world


For Thursday, October 2nd, you should have completed your workbook (unit 1.2)

To argue

to get on well with someone : you agree with that person and like being with


1st September (9.11 nine-eleven. The Geneva Fast)

2nd October (October 31st, Halloween)

3d November (Thanksgiving is on the third Thursday of the month of November) November 16th is my birthday !

4th December (Xmas Eve, Xmas Day, New Year’s Eve)

5th (fifth) January (New Year’s Day

6th February

7th March

8th April (Good Friday, Easter Monday)

9th May (Labour Day)

10th June

20th (twentieth) July (4th of July, US national day, Bastille Day)

21st (twenty-first) August (Swiss National Day : August 1st).

22nd (twenty-second)



25th (twenty-fifth)

30th (thirtieth)

31st (thirty-first)

numbers :


51st (fifty-first)

69th (sixty-nineth)

100 (hundredth)

1000 (thousandth)

1989 : 19 89 Nineteen eighty-nine)

2000 : two thousand

2015 : Two thousand fifteen


to be appointed : to get a position, a new job

we used to celebrate our birthdays together

The vocabulary pages describing people and clothing. You will check by then your irregular verbs and will ask me the meaning of the verbs p. 127.

to grow up, the grown-ups

We learnt how to make questions in the past (about my lost-stolen iPhone, booh….)  and made pair works on the dates

For Tuesday, Sept. 30th

Exercises 3, 4 and 5 p. 10. We will work on the  past simple. We corrected these exercises and did most of the exercises of unit 1.2 regarding the past simple (regular and irregular). REMINDER: YOU HAVE TO KNOW THE IRREGULAR VERBS AFTER THE AUTUMN BREAK.…You’ll find them p. 127 and can ask me about their meaning.

We corrected the test I gave you for September 18th:

Nationalities: Genevan, Italian, French, Portuguese, Argentinian, Chinese, Hungarian, Morrocan, Lebanese, Egyptian, German, Spanish, South-African, Angolan, Sierra Leonean, Peruvian

Your physical description: tall, dark, beautiful, handsome, light complexion, short, small, overweight, skinny, thin, fat, short-long curly or straight hair, blond, fair, blue, brown, hazelnut eyes, fine features, pointed-nose, crooked nose, beard, clean-shaven, wears glasses, bald, hairy….

Your personality: shy, outgoing, extrovert, patient, smart, impatient, lazy, hard-working, sporty, jovial, clever, street-smart,

I’ve attended two years in the XYZ School.

I’ve travelled to many countries. I went to China. In the future, I’d like (I would like) to visit South Korea.

I learnt Spanish in an immersion school.

Present simple :

This tense is used to describe something that happens usually, a routine, a fact.

Present continuous :

This tense is used to describe something that is happening at the moment we speak (be+V-ing)

Past Simple :

This tense is used to describe something that is already past. It has been completed. I lived in Geneva for 10 years

Present Perfect :

This tense is used to describe something that happened in an unspecified time in the past.

We use it when we look back to the past from the present.

It often represent an ongoing situation : I’ve lived in Geneva for 10 years.

He lives in a house and he has a pet.

He’s living in a house and he has a pet.

She lived in a house and she had a pet.

He’s lived (he has lived) in a house and he’s had a pet.


For Thursday, Sept. 25th, you should have completed your workbook (unit 1.1)

We practice some picture descriptions and dialogues and corrected the grammar exercises of unit 1.1. p. 129.  We also discussed how to deal with the Workbook, i.e. you do your exercises, autocorrect them and then ask me what you didn’t understand. We read aloud the text p. 10 and worked on the pronunciations (-ed final in simple past verbs for example).

For Tuesday, September 23d, your homework is:

exercise 1A p. 8 and 7A p. 9 in your students’ book

On Thursday, September 18th, you gave me a double-sided copy with some questions.

We finished the lead-in and corrected the placement test.


On Tuesday, we started with the Lead-in which summarizes what we will be doing this year. We went step by step and finished with the exercise 4 p. 6.

Class notes:

To mean

the meaning

3d person sg at the present simple
usually has an s at the end of the verb :

he eats

she swims

it falls every year.

What does this mean ? ASV///QASV

5W +H how much, how many, how often, how far

how long

what, which



who, whom, whose


what page are we on ? To be : I am

you are

he/she/it is

we are

they are

a eille

b bi

c si

d di

e i


g dji

h eilletche

i aïe

j djey

k keille





p pi

q kiou

r are


t ti

u you

v vi

w double you

x ex

y why


the aunt, the uncle

the ant






I eat everyday.

Do I eat everyday ?

He eats everyday. He ate yesterday

Does he eat everyday ? Did he eat yesterday ?

He doesn’t eat everyday. He didn’t eat.



Homework for Tuesday, September 16th: bring your student books and workbooks for the first lesson.

On Tuesday, September 8th, 2014, we introduced each other, what we do, the languages we speak….and we made a placement test. Then we discussed the programme and our expectations regarding the final exam in first year at ECGA.


My baby is two months old.


16 teen ten teenagers.


I live in Thonex.

Does it bother you if I open the window// I smoke ?

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