You asked for it…here it goes, and click on the link for my arrow about TENSES IN ENGLISH !
So…from the most ancient to the farthest projection into the future….
PAST EVENTS WHICH HAPPENED BEFORE OTHER PAST EVENTS
PAST PERFECT: After I HAD DONE my homework (I chatted with my buddies)// HAD BEEN DOING (I had been working for a while when my sister came)
- PAST CONTINUOUS: PROGRESS OF AN ACTION IN THE PAST/BACKGROUND FOR A NARRATION OF A SUDDEN ACTION: Was, were…V+ING : I was walking when a dog barked at me.
- Use: When, while
COMPLETED ACTIONS/ HABITS IN THE PAST
- Ø Regular: -ed or
-d if verbs end in e. Verbs ending in y turn into –ied
Verbs ending with a vowel and a consonnant couble the consonant (tted)
- Irregular: learn the list of the verbs that in fact don’t change (AAA)…and those which change (ABB) and finally make your own list
- Ago, last (week, month), at (specific time), on (a day), for, once, at a given time.
- Used to
THE LINE OF SEPARATION BETWEEN PAST AND PRESENT IS DIFFERENT IN ENGLISH: ACTIONS STARTED IN THE PAST AND STILL AFFECTING OUR PRESENT ARE CALLED THE PERFECT PRESENT…OR THE PRESENT PERFECT IN GRAMMAR.
PAST EVENTS AFFECTING THE PRESENT STATE/ EXPERIENCE/ INDEFINITE PAST EVENTS
PRESENT PERFECT EVENTS STILL IN PROGRESS/ EVENTS DURATION
- Ø I have just closed the door (=I still can hear the noise of the door closing)
Have you ever lived in Poland?
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
- I’ve been living in this flat for 5 years.
For and since
- Time expressions:
- Frequency adverbs
- · State verbs
To be, to exist, to live
Senses (to look like, to taste, to see, to hear)
Feelings (to love, hate, prefer, like)
Possession (to own, have, belong to)
To cost, to mean, to need
S at the third person singular (modals are the exception)
AT THIS VERY MOMENT/FIXED PLANS OR INTENTIONS/NEAR FUTURE
Here again, the line between present and future is blurred…
- · either with be +v-continuous , going to+v-continuous
- · will be+verb continuous (to compare the present situation to a future one or to mark how sure we are)
- · time clauses:
as soon as
I am reading my teacher’s blog right now.
PREDICTION/GUESS IN THE FUTURE
Will+V (no to)
click on the link if this is unclear….and let me know!